Oil / Water Separators Engineered for Superior Performance
Clean water is
essential to our well being and should not be taken for granted. We must protect our
rivers, lakes, oceans, groundwater, and wastewater treatment systems from harmful
pollutants created from surface run-off. The EPA has established NPDES (National Pollutant
Discharge Elimination System) permit requirements for protecting our waterways.
International oil-water separators are designed to meet or exceed Federal, State
and Local wastewater discharge requirements. The engineers of PSI have 20
years experience designing high performance and low maintenance oil-water separators. PSI
offers a wide range of separator sizes and configurations including cylindrical and
rectangular designs for above grade and below grade installations.
1. Inlet and outlet piping
enters the vessel through the top centerline of the separator per UL-58 requirements. This
assures that the separator always operates full of liquid, thus utilizing the total volume
of the vessel.
2. Flow is directed towards a
single corrugated plate at an angle perpendicular to the entrance pipe. This method of
separation, known as the Buffalo-Morse Principle, serves multiple functions; it reduces
the velocity head of the incoming stream, it spreads the flow out over the entire cross
sectional area of the separator and prevents channeling of the flow, and the plate
corrugations create sinusoidal flow patterns, which cause solids to break out of the flow
stream and oil droplets to collide and coalesce.
3. The second stage of
separation in the PSI separator is based upon the proven Royal Dutch Shell Principle of
using multiple corrugated parallel plates. The parallel plate pack in the PSI oil-water
separator consists of a special arrangement of heavy gauge removable corrugated steel
plates. The plates are inclined at a 45 degree angle to prevent the accumulation of solids
and the plate spacing is large enough to prevent plugging from debris and trash. An open
area is located directly below the plate frame to prevent the accumulation of solids in
front of the plate pack.
The plate pack provides a
crucial role in separation so it is vital that this pack is located in the front end of
the vessel in order to maximize the effective separation chamber of the separator. This is
the case in the PSI design.
4. The internal sludge baffle
in the PSI separator serves two primary functions. First, solids are carried downstream in
the separator by the internal hydraulics of the vessel where they collect in front of the
sludge baffle. The baffle is located directly below the access manway for easy sludge
removal from grade. Second, the sludge baffle directs the flow from the bottom quadrant of
the separator towards the top of the vessel aiding in the floatation of small oil
particles in the flow stream.
5. PSI can provide, as an
option, an additional polypropylene coalescer. This consists of a special matrix of
polypropylene fibers designed to coalesce oil droplets down to 20 microns in size. An
important addition to the PSI separator design is the use of a large coalescer access
manway that spans the entire cross section of coalescer and includes dedicated tracks for
the coalescer. This ensures easy removal and reinstallation of the coalescer from grade.
Other separators require maintenance personnel to "fish" their polypropylene
coalescer out in pieces through a small access manway. These designs make it difficult if
not impossible to reinstall the coalescers without draining and entering the vessel.
6. The outlet pipe is located
at the end of the separator and draws clean water from the most quiescent section of the
vessel. The effluent will contain a free oil and grease discharge of no more than 15 ppm
in PS and PSR model separators and no more than 10 ppm in PSC and PSRC model separators.
7. PSI has the experience to
provide solid state control systems to meet a wide variety of fluid level monitoring and
flow control requirements including intrinsically safe liquid level sensors and
custom-built control panels. Installing a high performance PSI separator to meet your
discharge requirements along with a maintenance warning system will alleviate your
wastewater treatment worries.
PSC & PS Cylindrical Separators
& PSR Rectangular Oil Water Separators
All PSI models are gravity enhanced separation vessels which are based on Stokes Law
and American Petroleum Institute (API) oil-water separation standards. Flow rates range
from 1 to 5000 gpm with larger flow rates available by installing multiple units in
parallel. PSI oil-water separators utilize multiple corrugated parallel plates, which have
a proven track record for coalescing oil particles. Separator Models PS and PSR will
produce a free oil and grease effluent quality of 15 ppm or less. In addition, PSI can
include our polypropylene coalescer. The coalescer is made up of a special matrix of
polypropylene fibers designed to remove oil droplets down to 20 microns in size. Separator
models PSC and PSRC equipped with the coalescer can produce a free oil and grease effluent
quality of 10 ppm or less.
PS International cylindrical oil-water separators are designed in accordance with UL-58,
UL-142 and UL-1746 construction standards. Steel single wall, double wall, and UL listed
fiberglass jacketed secondary containment construction designs are available. For buried
installations, PSI can provide UL-1746 listed fiberglass or STI-P3 corrosion protection
systems. Both systems include a 30 year warranty against external corrosion failure-
guaranteeing a long lasting high quality product. The PSI rectangular separators can be
utilized for above grade applications or below ground installations in a concrete vault.
At PSI, we know that providing a separator effluent quality that will meet your discharge
requirements is only part of the solution for your wastewater treatment needs. You, the
customer, also want a system that is going to be easy to maintain and service. This is why
the PSI separator includes corrugated plates inclined upwards at a 45º angle to prevent
sludge build-up. The sludge baffle in the separator is located below the round manway for
easy and direct access from grade for removing sludge accumulation without entering the
vessel. The polypropylene coalescer is also easy to maintain since it is located as far
away from the corrugated plate pack as possible. The location of this coalescer ensures
that it has limited oil and solids loading- unlike some of our competitors designs.
The polypropylene coalescer has a design life of over 10 years. It is
"self-unloading" of oil and only needs periodic cleaning to remove suspended
solids. PSI provides a large coalescer access manway equipped with steel channels which
allow the Pack to slide in and out of the vessel. This design reduces the time required to
maintain the coalescer and ensures one person can easily remove and reinstall the
coalescer from grade with the Pack lifting rod.
You should know:
An OSHA approved confined space entry procedure is required for entrance into an oil-water
separator. Some separator companies use a small manway for access to their polypropylene
coalescers- requiring coalescer removal in pieces. Reinstallation of some multi-piece
coalescers may require entrance into the vessel. The PSI Separator does not require
entrance into the vessel for removal of sludge or for cleaning the polypropylene
... easy access to our filtration toolbox
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Fischer-Robertson, Inc. 3890 Symmes
Road Hamilton, Ohio 45014
p: 513-860-3445 f: 513-860-4744
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